5 Things You Should Know About Athlete's Foot | Muscle & Fitness

5 Things You Should Know About Athlete's Foot | Muscle & Fitness

1) Jungle rot, ringworm of the foot, tineas pedis. Anything with names like these can"t be good. Unfortunately, up to 70% of the population may be afflicted by some form of these festering fungal invasions also known as athlete"s foot. Whatever you call it, dealing with the itchy, flaky, burning effects of foot fungus is no walk in the park.

2) Say the words warm and wet, and most guys will instinctively conjure up some pleasant thoughts. Yet these climate conditions also present a breeding ground for athlete"s foot. Walk barefoot through any gym locker room and there"s a good chance you"ll be leaving with more than just added muscle mass. Once those fungi latch onto your feet, they quickly set up house between your toes.

3) Some people can do naked snow-angels on a fungus-riddled steam room floor without any repercussions while others may get infected with a single step into their family bathroom. Truth is, some guys are more prone to athlete"s foot. If you"ve walked away unscathed from numerous high-risk infection sites, chances are you"re no fun to the fungi.

4) If you touch something that has fungi on it, you can spread athlete"s foot to other people even if you don"t get the infection yourself.

5) After you"ve had athlete"s foot, you"re more likely to get it again. So if you"ve yet to catch it, congratulations! And if you want to maintain your fungus-free lifestyle, be sure to keep your feet dry and clean as often as possible, and wear roomy shoes made of materials that allow moisture to escape.

Achilles tendon pain - RightDiagnosis.com

Achilles tendon pain - RightDiagnosis.com

Achilles tendon pain IntroCausesTestsTreatmentSymptom CheckerMisdiagnosisVideosGlossary Achilles tendon pain:Achilles tendon pain: IntroductionCauses (7conditions)Symptom CheckerMisdiagnosisHome TestingTreatmentsVideosComorbid SymptomsClassifications
Achilles tendon pain: Introduction
Achilles tendon pain: Achilles tendon also known as the calcaneal tendon is the tendon of the posterior part of the leg.See detailed information below for a list of 7causes of Achilles tendon pain, Symptom Checker, including diseases and drug side effect causes.

>> Review Causes of Achilles tendon pain:Causes | Symptom Checker >>

Causes of Achilles tendon pain:
The following medical conditions are some of the possiblecauses of Achilles tendon pain.There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctorabout your symptoms.

Achilles tendonitisCalcaneal spurBursitisCalcaneal fractureMyositisStress fracture (type of Fractures)Referred pain (type of Pain)more causes...>>
See full list of 7causes of Achilles tendon pain

>> Review Causes of Achilles tendon pain:Causes | Symptom Checker >>

Home Diagnostic Testing and Achilles tendon pain
Home medical tests possibly related to Achilles tendon pain:
Nerve Neuropathy: Related Home Testing:Home Diabetes Test KitsHome Blood Glucose Testing Kitsmore home tests...>>
Causes of Types of Achilles tendon pain:
Review causes of more specific types of Achilles tendon pain:
Acute Achilles tendon pain (8 causes)more types...>>
See full list of 1types for Achilles tendon pain

Achilles tendon pain: Symptom Checker
Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Achilles tendon pain, as listed in our database.Visit the Symptom Checker,to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.

Symptom Checker Achilles tendon pain: Symptom Checker
Symptom Checker Achilles tendon pain and Achilles tendon bruise (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Achilles tendon infection (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Achilles tendon inflammation (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Achilles tendon numb (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Achilles tendon redness (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Achilles tendon sensitive (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Achilles tendon spasm (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Achilles tendon stiff (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Achilles tendon swelling (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Achilles tendon tingling (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Calcaneal bone bruise (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Calcaneal bone infection (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Calcaneal bone inflammation (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Calcaneal bone numb (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Calcaneal bone pain (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Calcaneal bone redness (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Calcaneal bone sensitive (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Calcaneal bone spasm (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Calcaneal bone stiff (3 causes)Achilles tendon pain and Calcaneal bone swelling (3 causes)more...>>
See full list of 256Symptom Checkers for Achilles tendon pain

Achilles tendon pain Treatments
Review further information on Achilles tendon pain Treatments.

Achilles tendon pain: Animations Proximal TibiaDistal Femur
More Achilles tendon pain animations & videos

Achilles tendon pain: Comorbid Symptoms
Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptomsfor Achilles tendon pain may include these symptoms:
Achilles tendon bruiseAchilles tendon infectionAchilles tendon inflammationAchilles tendon numbAchilles tendon rednessAchilles tendon sensitiveAchilles tendon spasmAchilles tendon stiffAchilles tendon swellingAchilles tendon tinglingmore associated symptoms...>>
See all associated comorbid symptoms for Achilles tendon pain

Causes of General Symptom Types
Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:
Pain symptoms (6458 causes)Sensory symptoms (7134 causes)Nerve symptoms (9132 causes)Neurological symptoms (9575 causes)Foot symptoms (2265 causes)Leg symptoms (2751 causes)Limb symptoms (3592 causes)Tendon symptoms (412 causes)Musculoskeletal symptoms (6264 causes)Sensations (6520 causes)Brain symptoms (2787 causes)Lower leg symptoms (59 causes)Arm symptoms (1619 causes)Common symptoms (8589 causes)Body symptoms (5672 causes)Head symptoms (10192 causes)more symptoms...>>
Research the causes of related medical symptoms such as:
Achilles tendonAchilles tendon symptoms (6 causes)Tendon pain (8 causes)AchillesTendonTendon symptoms (412 causes)Pain (6458 causes)Pain symptoms (6458 causes)Pain disordermore symptoms...>>
Misdiagnosis and Achilles tendon pain
Leg cramps at night a classic sign: The symptom of having leg muscle cramps,particularly at night, is a classic sign of undiagnosed diabetes.However, there are also various other causes.See causes of leg cramps or misdiagnosis of diabetes....read more >>

Vitamin B12 deficiency under-diagnosed: The condition of Vitamin B12 deficiencyis a possible misdiagnosis of various conditions, such as multiple sclerosis (see symptoms of multiple sclerosis).See symptoms of Vitamin B12 deficiency ormisdiagnosis of...read more >>

Read more about Misdiagnosis and Achilles tendon pain

Achilles tendon pain: Research Related Doctors & SpecialistsNerve Specialists:Neuromusculoskeletal MedicineNeurology (Brain/CNS Specialists)Pediatric Neurology (Child Brain Specialist)Spinal Cord Injury MedicinePain Specialists:Pain MedicineRheumatology (Arthritis / Joint Pain)Arthritis & Joint Health Specialists (Rheumatology):Rheumatology (Joint Health)Pediatric Rheumatology (Child Joint Health)more specialists...>>
Other ways to find a doctor, or use doctor, physician and specialist online research services:
Rate Your Doctor by Taking a Survey OnlineResearch Your DoctorView Online Patient Surveys from Other Patients of Your DoctorResearch local doctors and specialists including ratings, affiliations, and sanctions.
Achilles tendon pain: Undiagnosed Conditions
Conditions that are commonly undiagnosed in related areas may include:
Nerve Disorders: serious diseases commonly undiagnosed:Diabetic Neuropathy -- UndiagnosedPeripheral Neuropathy -- UndiagnosedMultiple Sclerosis -- Undiagnosedmore ...>>Chronic Pain Disorders -- serious medical disorders that may be undiagnosed:Fibromyalgia -- UndiagnosedArthritis -- UndiagnosedChronic Pain Syndromes -- UndiagnosedMigraine -- Undiagnosedmore undiagnosed conditions...>>
Detailed list of causes of Achilles tendon pain
The list below shows some of the causes of Achilles tendon pain mentioned in various sources:
Achilles tendonitisBursitisCalcaneal fractureCalcaneal spurMyositisReferred painmore causes...>>
See full list of 7causes of Achilles tendon pain

How Common are these Causes of Achilles tendon pain?
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases,not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Achilles tendon pain.Of the 7causes of Achilles tendon pain thatwe have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
0causes are "very common" diseases1causes are "common" diseases0causes are "uncommon" diseases0causes are "rare" diseases0causes are "very rare" diseases7causes have no prevalence information.
See the analysis of the prevalence of 7causes of Achilles tendon pain

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Achilles tendon pain:
The following list of conditionshave 'Achilles tendon pain' or similarlisted as a symptom in our database.This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete.Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the causeof any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions whichinclude a symptom of Achilles tendon pain or choose View All.
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Ask or answer a question about symptoms or diseases at one of ourfree interactive user forums.
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Classifications of Achilles tendon pain:
Medical Conditions associated with Achilles tendon pain:

Pain symptoms (6458 causes), Sensory symptoms (7134 causes), Nerve symptoms (9132 causes), Neurological symptoms (9575 causes), Foot symptoms (2265 causes), Leg symptoms (2751 causes), Limb symptoms (3592 causes), Tendon symptoms (412 causes), Musculoskeletal symptoms (6264 causes), Sensations (6520 causes), Brain symptoms (2787 causes), Lower leg symptoms (59 causes), Arm symptoms (1619 causes), Common symptoms (8589 causes), Body symptoms (5672 causes), Head symptoms (10192 causes)

Medical articles on signs and symptoms:
Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:
What to tell your doctor about your symptoms What questions will the doctor ask about your symptoms (and why)? What does your doctor do in a physical examination? What questions should you ask the doctor about a symptom or diagnosis? What questions to ask the doctor about the treatment Steps to take to get the most out of a doctor visitMore articles on symptoms and diagnosis
These general medical articles may be of interest:
Medical Symptom BooksSymptoms of the Silent Killer DiseasesOnline DiagnosisSelf Diagnosis PitfallsPitfalls of Online Diagnosis
See full list of premium articles on symptoms and diagnosis

More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:Symptom Center - over 12,000 symptoms listedSymptom ListSymptom DescriptionsAll SymptomsDiseases Center - find symptom lists for over 20,000 diseases. Books on Medical Diagnosis
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Why does the top of my foot hurt? | PA Foot and Ankle Associates

Why does the top of my foot hurt? | PA Foot and Ankle Associates

Pain on the top of your foot can be excruciating, making it difficult or impossible to walk even a few steps.
pain in top of foot

Assuming there is no visible injury, and you can't attribute the pain to falling, twisting your ankle,

The Foot and Ankle | Harkness Center for Dance Injuries | NYU Langone Medical Center | New York

The Foot and Ankle | Harkness Center for Dance Injuries | NYU Langone Medical Center | New York

The following information is intended as a resource and should not be used to self-diagnose or treat. Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID's) may be used to reduce inflammation and pain associated with that inflammation. Dancers should be aware that dancing while taking NSAID's can mask pain, which can lead to further tissue injury.


The ankle joint connects the lower leg to the foot and, in dance, allows for pointing the toe (plantar flexion) and flexing the foot during pli? (dorsiflexion). The ankle also allows for inversion and eversion, producing turn-in and turn-out, respectively. The 26 bones in the foot work in concert with ligamentous support and muscular force to create three separate arches, critical for shock absorption during jumps. Structurally, the ideal foot for ballet is considered to be a flexible "square foot", which has equal-length first and second toes.

Common Injuries of the Foot
Dancer's Fracture
Hallux Valgus and Bunion
Hallux Rigidus
Plantar Fasciitis

Common Injuries of the Ankle
Achilles Tendinitis
Trigger Toe/FHL Tenosynovitis
Posterior Impingement Syndrome
Anterior Impingement Syndrome
Lateral Ankle Sprain
Shin splints, stress reactions, and stress fractures

Foot/Ankle Injury Prevention Tips for Dancers

Dancer's Fracture
"I landed badly from a jump and now it hurts to walk."


This is the most common acute fracture seen in dancers. This fracture occurs along the 5th metatarsal, the long bone on the outside of the foot. The typical method of injury is landing from a jump on an inverted (turned-in) foot. The dancer will usually experience immediate pain and swelling. He or she may or may not be able to walk.


Treatment typically consists of ice, elevation, and limiting weight bearing activities. Consulting with a physician to confirm a fracture will be necessary. A dancer's fracture will require a period of immobilization while the injury heals. Rehabilitation should follow to rebuild foot and ankle mobility and strength.

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"I have pain underneath my big toe, particularly while walking without shoes."

Sesamoid bones are unique in that they are not connected to any other bones in the body. There are two very small bones (about the size of a kernel of corn) on the underside of the forefoot near the big toe. These two sesamoids provide a smooth surface over which tendons controlling the big toe are located.


The sesamoids provide a support surface while the dancer is on demi-pointe. The tendon that runs between the sesamoids can become inflamed, causing sesamoiditis, a form of tendinitis. Pain is focused under the big toe on the ball of the foot. With sesamoiditis, pain may develop gradually. There may be pain while bending and straightening the big toe.


The dancer may be required to rest and take time off from rehearsals while the pain and inflammation from sesamoiditis decreases. A consult with a physician is indicated to rule out a sesamoid fracture. A physical therapist or athletic trainer consult is also helpful to identify and correct muscle imbalances and assist with acute symptom relief. The use of a J-shaped pad around the area of the sesamoid to relieve pressure may be helpful, as is taping the toe so that it remains slightly downward (plantarflexed). It may take several months for the pain associated with sesamoiditis to be completely relieved. Surgical intervention to remove the sesamoid bones should only be considered after all conservative measures have been exhausted.

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Hallux Valgus and Bunion
"My big toe points inward and is painful."

Hallux valgus and bunion can be seen in the public at large; however, dancers generally develop this condition at a younger than typical age. This injury usually has a gradual onset and is often associated with other postural and or biomechanical faults involving other joints (most often a tendency to pronate, or roll-in, during turned-out positions). It is characterized by medial movement of the first metatarsal head (big toe), where a bunion bump will gradually form. Consequently the phalanges of the great toe will shift towards the other toes.

Signs and Symptoms

The dancer will notice a gradual onset of foot pain at the area of the big toe or ball of the foot. Pain will be greatest with weight bearing and particularly jumping activities. Typically, dancers will notice pain with excessive pressure to the affected area, sometimes to the point where the slightest contact causes exquisite pain.


The best course of action is to identify a hallux valgus condition as early as possible and clarify its structural and/or biomechanical causes. Conditions that are caught early on can be treated with either strengthening exercises, stretching and/or orthotic prescription. Often, a toe spacer between the first and second toes can help with alignment and prevent further progression of the injury. Conditions that develop into significant structural changes can be very difficult to manage and may require surgical intervention. It is imperative that the clinician treating the dancer looks at the ankle, knee, and hip joints to identify any proximal impairments. Finally, attention to a dancer's technique with pli?, relev?, and jumping is essential to limiting the progression of hallux valgus identified.

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Hallux Rigidus (or Limitus)
"I have pain with full relev?."


This condition is characterized by pain and/or restriction of movement at the joints of the big toe. To achieve full demi-pointe the metatarsal phalangeal joint must be able to make a 90 degree angle. Dancers who start later in life may lack this much mobility. A dancer without mobility who forces a high demi-pointe will cause the bones in the joint to impinge on each other. If this is done repeatedly, bone spurs will develop leading to even further decreased motion in the joint, inflammation and eventual degeneration of the joint.

Compensations for lack of full mobility include sickling. This position will decrease impingement but it is not an esthetically acceptable line and puts the dancer at risk for ankle sprains. An acceptable and safe compensation for this condition is a half demi-pointe position. The dancer must learn to rise onto the ball of the foot without forcing the foot into full demi-pointe.
Full DemipointeHalf DemipointeSickling

During the acute stages, rest and ice are helpful to reduce pain and inflammation. A good way to ice this injury is with an ice massage for 5 minutes. Stretching of the foot can be done to help improve flexibility. The stretch into a demi-pointe position can be done in a non-weight bearing position, in a pain free range and should be held for 30 seconds. The dancer should assess the available pain free range of the joint and learn to work within that range. Taping the great toe to restrict full demi-pointe can be effective in relieving symptoms. The tape should be applied so that the toe remains slightly downward (plantarflexed). Mobilization of the metatarsal phalangeal joint by an experienced clinician is also quite effective.
Ice MassageStretching of big toe
and sole of the foot
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Plantar Fasciitis
"My foot hurts when I walk barefoot, especially first thing in the morning."


Plantar Fasciitis is an overuse injury affecting the sole of the foot. The tough, fibrous band of tissue (fascia) connecting the heel bone to the base of the toes becomes inflamed and painful. Most often people will experience pain first thing in the morning when they step out of bed. Dancers will often experience an increase in pain after class, or following lengthy weight bearing activities. Plantar fascia pain can also be influenced by tightness in the calf or the Achilles tendon, or dancing on a hard surface or a non-sprung floor.


The earlier plantar fasciitis is treated, the quicker it can be resolved. Rest and ice are the first treatments for plantar fasciitis. Anti-inflammatory medication can also be helpful. For persistent conditions, physical therapy or athletic training treatments to assist with tight tissues and identify weakness is indicated. Chronic conditions respond well to the use of an overnight splint (issued by your physician or clinician) to provide a long duration stretch to the affected tissues.

"I have pain over the balls of my feet."


Metatarsalgia is characterized by pain and tenderness along the ball of the foot. For dancers, this is commonly caused by instability in the joints of the smaller toes. Repeated sprains and overstretched ligaments can lead to laxity, or increased flexibility in these joints. For a dancer, years of overwork and forcing of extreme motion in the foot can increase laxity and may cause subluxation of these joints.


As with all acute inflammatory conditions, ice and rest are appropriate. Strengthening the muscles that control toe flexion can be helpful. This can be done with towel scrunches (using your toes to grab a towel placed on the ground and drawing it towards you). A metatarsal pad just behind the balls of the feet can help prevent subluxations and may relieve pain.

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Common Injuries of the Ankle

Achilles Tendinitis
"My heel and lower calf hurt, particularly while running or jumping."

Tendinitis can occur in any of the tendons about the ankle, including the flexor hallucis longus tendon (the dancer's tendon), the peroneus brevis tendon, and the peroneus longus tendon. It most commonly occurs, however, in the body's longest tendon--the Achilles tendon. Able to withstand forces equal to and greater than 1000 pounds, this tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone (calcaneus) and is responsible for plantar flexion of the foot to achieve releve and performing jumps. Due to its' heavy workload in the dancing population, it is prone to inflammation (tendinitis). It unfortunately is also the most frequently ruptured tendon in dancers and non-dancers alike.


Most cases of Achilles tendonitis are due to overtraining of the dancer, particularly heavy training during a short period of time. Other contributing factors for Achilles inflammation would be:
Returning to dance after a long period of restA natural lack of flexibility in the calf musclesDancing on a hard surface or a non-sprung floor
Aside from pain over the area of the Achilles, dancers with Achilles tendonitis can also notice:
Mild pain after dancing that worsensTenderness in the morning located 1/2 " above tendon attachment to heel boneStiffness that fades once tendon is sufficiently warmSwelling and inflammation

As with all overuse injuries, the sooner the injury is addressed, the more positive the outcome. Rest and ice are immediate treatments for conditions that do not allow for any pain free activity. Active stretching of the Achilles is helpful. However, dancers need to exercise caution with stretching the Achilles beyond the point of comfort. Strengthening exercises should be introduced gradually. For chronic conditions, the use of an overnight splint to assist with dorsiflexion range of motion can be helpful. Orthotic prescription can be helpful to correct any structural imbalances in the foot. However, if a dancer has no correctable faults, orthotics may not assist with symptom relief.

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Trigger Toe/FHL Tenosynovitis
My big toe 'clicks' and gets 'caught' sometimes. I have to use my hands to release it."

Trigger toe occurs most commonly in female classical ballet dancers. It results when the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon on the inside of the ankle moves irregularly through its anatomical pulley mechanism around the ankle. Sometimes, the tendon actually locks distal to the tendon canal (near the big toe) and prohibits a dancer from using the strength in her big toe when en pointe.


Trigger toe can be the result of inflammation or a partial rupture of the FHL tendon, accompanied by swelling along the sheath in which it's contained. The tendon may become frayed and scarred down, adhering to the sheath and creating friction, inhibiting its smooth gliding motion. The condition may present as non-painful and annoying for a period of time before becoming painful. Pain is typically noticed as a dancer lowers from demi-pointe to flat.


Early identification of trigger toe can assist in its recovery. Dancers should use ice, particularly ice massage as a way to decrease local inflammation. An athletic trainer or physical therapist consult is helpful to assist with soft tissue management of scarring or adhesions along the tendon. The dancer should take the time to perform slow, gentle stretching of the great toe prior to dancing. More significant cases may require surgery to release the ligamentous portion of the FHL sheath and repair the tendon.

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Posterior Impingement Syndrome
Posterior impingement syndrome (dancer's heel)
"I have pain with pointing my foot and relev?."


Posterior impingement syndrome, commonly known as dancer's heel, involves compression of soft tissues at the back of the ankle. A bony-formation or bump behind the ankle causes this compression. The dancer generally feels discomfort at the back of the ankle when the toe is pointed or in relev?.


Dancers should use ice and anti-inflammatory medications to help reduce soft tissue swelling. Stretching of the tissues in the back of the heel (calf and Achilles) is important to reduce the stress placed on those structures. A physician and physical therapy/athletic training consults are indicated to identify joint mobility restrictions or other imbalances that might be contributing to the condition. Some health-care professionals may recommend steroid injections to assist with local inflammation. Finally, if non-surgical treatment does not help alleviate the discomfort, surgical intervention will be required to remove the bump that is compressing the soft tissue.

Anterior Impingement Syndrome
"I can't achieve full pli? on one side. And when I do, it's painful."


Anterior impingement syndrome involves the top of the ankle where the shin bone (tibia) meets the ankle (talus). There can be direct contact between these bony structures. With hundreds or thousands of pli?s, this direct contact can eventually result in a bony formation at the front of the ankle. This bony formation compresses the soft tissue and creates pain. A dancer will typically notice pain with deep pli?s, as well as significant swelling at the front of the ankle joint.


Early recognition of symptoms is extremely important because anterior impingement syndrome is not reversible. Ice and/or anti-inflammatory medications can be helpful to reduce local swelling. A clinician can assist with re-establishing normal joint mobility or identifying areas of inadequate strength or flexibility. A dancer may want to try some simple ideas to help relieve stress to the tissues during class or performances, including:
perform in street shoesuse one-quarter to half-inch heel liftsdiscontinue forced pli?s
With advanced cases, surgery is sometimes pursued. It should be understood by the dancer that surgery very often leads to a recurrence of the bone formation within three to four years.

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Lateral Ankle Sprain
"I rolled my ankle during class and heard a 'pop' sound."

Ankle sprains are the most common type of ankle injury for dancers. Ankle sprains involve the lateral (outside) structures of the ankle and occur when the ankle is inverted (turned or rolled outwards). A lateral ankle sprain is the result of tears to any of the lateral stabilizing ligaments. Sprains are graded 1st, 2nd, or 3rd degree (3rd degree being the most severe) depending on the involvement and integrity of these ligaments.


Ankle sprains are usually sustained upon landing jumps, either improperly or landing on an object or another dancers foot. It is common for significant sprains to also produce an audible 'pop' sound. Other related factors that can contribute to ankle sprains include:
working close to the limits of strengtha slight loss of balancea lapse in concentration
Upon sustaining an ankle sprain, a dancer will usually notice swelling and pain over the lateral ankle. The severity of these symptoms will vary depending on the severity of the sprain. Some dancers are able to walk, some are unable to bear weight at all. Bruising over the lateral ankle can emerge within 1-3 days following an ankle sprain.


As with any injury that involves inflammation, apply the RICE treatment protocol:
Rest - avoid using the ankle to prevent further damage.Ice - apply ice or cold packs to the ankle for 15-20 minutes each hour to help reduce swelling.Compression - wrap a tensor bandage around the ankle to help reduce swelling.Elevation - elevate above the heart and support the ankle while resting to prevent blood from pooling and increasing swelling.
The severity of the ankle sprain will dictate the amount of protection and immobilization the ankle requires. A Grade 1 sprain may only need the support of an ace wrap bandage or an Aircast splint. A Grade 3 sprain may need to be immobilized with a splint and the dancer will likely need to use crutches or a walking boot for ambulation. Ankle sprains should be evaluated by a physician to rule out any fractures. Follow-up treatment with a physical therapist or athletic trainer is crucial to develop strength and balance prior to returning to dance activities and thus reduce the potential for recurring sprains.

Shin splints, stress reactions, and stress fractures:
"I have pain in the front of my shins. It hurts worse during class."

Shin splints, stress reactions, and stress fractures are all overuse injuries of the lower leg usually associated with forceful, repetitive activities such as running or jumping. Shin splints involve pain at the front of the lower leg in the shin region. The pain is caused by an irritation of either the periosteum (the lining of the tibia, or shin bone) or the muscles and tendons in the area. A stress reaction is defined by accelerated remodeling or re-absorption of bone. A stress fracture is a small crack or cracks that occur as a result of repeated loading of the bone when muscles are fatigued. Fatigued muscles transfer more of the load to the bone. Shin splints or stress reactions can progress to stress fractures if left untreated. Stress fractures can progress to complete bone fractures if left untreated. The feet are the most common site of stress fractures in dancers, and the tibia is the most common place for stress reactions or shin splints.


All three conditions result in an aching pain that may become more severe during activity. Intensive dance rehearsal and a high percentage of time dancing on pointe or demi-pointe will increase the stress and pressure on the foot and tibia. As muscles become fatigued the dancer may have difficulty maintaining position, and the muscles transfer stress to other soft tissues and bone. When the bone is repeatedly stressed and has low bone mineral density levels, it can eventually result in a stress fracture. Dancing on hard floors increases the risk of stress fractures and stress reactions.


Treatment of shin splints may involve various techniques, which include:
resting the areaapplying ice to control inflammationphysical therapy/athletic training treatmentscorrecting any underlying postural distortions that may aggravate or contribute to the injury (knee hyperextension, weak abdominal muscles, anterior or posterior tilted pelvis, pronation/supination of the foot, etc.)
With stress fractures, rest for the injured area is the only treatment that will allow the bone to heal. It may be necessary to unload the stress for a period of time by using crutches or a walking boot. A lack of pain does not mean that the bone has healed (many people do not report symptoms). A dancer should consult with their physician or clinician prior to returning to dance. Upon return to dance, the dancer should not experience any pain. If the dancer resumes activity too quickly, the stress fracture is more likely to progress to a complete bone fracture.

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Foot/Ankle Injury Prevention Tips for DancersProper training and teaching are essential to allow dancers of all ages to develop their skills without injury.Take adequate rest to allow the body to heal itself from daily wear and tearMaintain energy levels by eating and drinking adequately.Conditioning and strengthening of the leg muscles that support the arch are crucial.Try to avoid dancing on hard or uneven surfaces, which could cause injury.Take care of your shoes!Dancers should adopt new training schedules slowly.Although not always possible when dancing, but more so off stage or out of class, wear supportive footwear, and if you need to wear orthotics, wear them as often as possible.If dancers perform excessive pointe or demi-pointe work one day, they should focus on other types of work during the next workout.Early recognition of symptoms is important. Stop activity if pain or swelling occurs. If the pain persists after a few days rest, consult a sports-medicine physician.
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[Up to 37% Off] Prevent Bunion with Toe Splint + Velcro Strap from RM69

[Up to 37% Off] Prevent Bunion with Toe Splint + Velcro Strap from RM69

While one must learn to walk before one can run, the same goes for speaking before singing, and wearing someone's shoes before speaking. Today's Groupon goes the extra mile with a toe splint to prevent abnormal big toe placement from MyORTHO Orthotic, Foot & Spine Healthcare Centre. Choose from the following:

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Product specifications:

Size: Normal and Large - customers with shoe sizes of 40 and above require Large sizes (sizes are for reference only, as feet shape and sizes vary)
Splint dimension:
- Normal size: 13cm
- Large size: 14.5cm
Velcro strap length:
- Normal size: 25cm
- Large size: 29.5cm
Weight: 907g
Colour: Blue and white

Package includes:

1 pair of toe splints
1 pair of Velcro straps

Hallux Valugus: Deviation of the big toe towards the outer side, it may be due to inheritance, hyperpronated foot or improper shoe fitting (extremely narrow or pointed shoes).

Warped walkers and divas with high-heel collections attach strap-on toe splints to aid in preventing abnormal placement of big toes and walking styles. Adjustable Velcro straps are made for easy usage, strapping splints in place for comfort to help ease joint pain while reducing chances of bunion or awkward pacing formations. Wanderers fasten the blue and white braces around the big toe nightly for better results as toe brackets make way to doorsteps and walkways.

While results may vary depending on individuals, wear nightly for optimum results. The apparatus does not correct hallux valgus, but prevents the condition from getting worse. Individuals are advised to avoid walking with toe splint attached. Product lasts up to 12 months.

Note : The use of the HAV Splint is not recommended when severe toe (or bunion) pain and stiffness of first metatarsophalangeal (big toe) joint exist. It is recommended that you discontinue using the HAV Splint immediately if you experience unusual toe pain. If necessary, consult an Orthotist or specialist.

Valid at:

MyORTHO Orthotic, Foot & Spine Healthcare Centre, Cheras
No. 13, Jalan Midah Timor, Taman Midah, 56000 Kuala Lumpur.
Valid Mon - Wed & Fri: 10am - 5pm (not including Thursdays and public holidays).
Phone: 03-9131 4988 (Call 10am - 5.30pm daily, not including Thursdays and public holidays).

MyORTHO Orthotic, Foot & Spine Healthcare Centre, Petaling Jaya
Lot A-G-7, Block Allamanda, 10 Boulevard, Lebuhraya Sprint, PJU 6A, 47400 Petaling Jaya, Selangor.
Valid Mon - Wed & Fri: 10am - 5pm (not including Thursdays and public holidays).
Phone: 03-7727 9989 (Call 10am - 5.30pm daily, not including Thursdays and public holidays).
Dr. Kong, Tropicana City Mall
Lot L1-43A, First Floor, Tropicana City Mall, No. 3, Jalan SS20/27, 47400 Petaling Jaya, Selangor.
Valid 10am - 10pm daily (including public holidays).
Phone: 03-7729 2889 / 03-7729 7889 (Call 10am - 10pm daily).

Dr. Kong, Fahrenheit 88
Lot No. 1-29, Fahrenheit 88, No. 179, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur.
Valid 10am - 10pm daily (including public holidays).
Phone: 03-2110 1660 (Call 10am - 10pm daily).

Facebook: MyOrtho FootandSpinehealthcare

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MyORTHO Orthotic, Foot & Spine Healthcare Centre was featured in The Star, News Straits Times and The Malay Mail.

World Vision 30-Hour Famine

Plantar Fasciitis Stretches

If you experience foot pain caused by plantar fasciitis, you are most likely in search of successful plantar fasciitis pain therapy. You are not alone. Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of foot pain. This condition is due to an inflammation of the band of tissues (plantar fascia) connecting your heel to your toes. Many people say that the pain feels like a stabbing or burning sensation that starts at the heel and tends to spread forward into the toes. This is why many folks are so desperate to find plantar fasciitis pain therapy. It can be agonizingly painful and will get worse without therapy.

Heel pain is usually felt in two main sections of the heel, under the heel and in the back of the heel. In most cases, when people suffer from pain in the back of the heel it is related to overuse or inflammation of the Achilles tendon. When people suffer from plantar fasciitis pain, it can be caused by a person stepping on a large stone or rock which bruises the heel, or it can be caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia. A heel that is hurt by a sharp object will heal on its own over time.

How a shoe fits is crucial. Wearing small shoes may aggravate the symptoms of plantar fasciitis When choosing shoes or trying on shoes that have been purchaed and delivered online, patients should ensure they do so in the afternoon or evening. This is because as the day progresses, feet swell and become slightly bigger than they are first thing in the morning. Furthermore, one foot is often slightly larger than the other. If this is the case, patients should check for proper fitting on the larger foot. It is better for shoes to be slightly too large (on the smaller foot) than vice versa.

The option of surgery for treatment of plantar fasciitis is prescribed only, if the pain is very severe and if natural treatments do not cure the condition. The most common type of surgical treatment is the plantar fascia release or which is medically known as, endoscopic plantar fasciotomy. This involves the release or removal of the fascia, by preparing a small incision on the inside of the heel. Further, the inflamed tissue is either released or removed. Other commonly followed treatment is the heel spur removal. Heel spur removal aims at removing the heel spur and repairing the plantar fascia region.

A good exercise that you can perform before sitting up is to stretch your foot by moving it up and down ten times. An alternative exercise you should do while sitting is to roll a rolling pin or tennis ball with the arch of your foot. Once you can, move on to doing this exercise as you are standing up. After these exercises, put on your shoes with arch support inserts inside them, or wear supportive sandals. Don’t start the day walking without shoes on hard floors or tiles, or it can be guaranteed that your heel pain will come back.plantar fasciitis brace

If you've never experienced the pain that accompanies heel spurs and plantar fasciitis consider yourself lucky. This common problem is debilitating for many people. It causes intense heel pain or pain anywhere on the bottom of your foot. The symptoms are usually worse during the first few steps and gradually decrease once you walk around. However, some people are in pain all day long. It can effect a sedentary person, a skinny person, an overweight person, or an athlete. It alters how you walk and move throughout the day and may cause back pain. People look all over for remedies to their pain, usually to no avail.

Make an appointment with a podiatrist, a doctor who specializes in foot problems. While you are waiting to see your podiatrist, avoid standing and walking for long periods and do not run or engage in sports or carry heavy objects. Prepare an ice pack by placing crushed ice inside a plastic bag and wrapping a towel around the bag. Rest your feet on the ice pack for 15 to 20 minutes once or twice each day. Take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs daily. Wear running shoes with inside padding and good heel support instead of your regular shoes. Noninvasive Treatments

To carry out this stretch, stand with your weight on your left foot and place your right heel on a table or bench at or near waist height. Face straight forward with your upper body and keep both legs nearly straight. As you stand with your right heel on the table and your left foot on the ground, rotate your left foot outward (to the left) approximately 45 degrees, keeping your body weight on the full surface of your left foot (both heel and toes are in contact with the ground). You are now ready to begin the stretch.

Your Podiatrist can help you diagnose your condition and then outline a plan of action to treat it. After your diagnosis has occurred and prognosis determined, your Podiatrist will advise you on the best pain therapy. Most of the time, plantar fasciitis therapy can be done in your own home with exercise, rest and relaxation. There are some plantar fasciitis secrets that only a few practitioners know about and sometimes you may have to search far and wide to find a great Podiatrist who can help you with this. Staying off your feet for a given amount of time and rest from weight bearing activities is recommended.

This kind of plantar fasciitis stretches is done in order to stretch the hind leg as well as the ankles. You need a flat surface and an elevated area such as the curb, a stair step or a low chair. You might also need to hold or lean on to something so that you will not lose your balance. This is a very easy stretching exercise to do. Stand by the edge of the elevated item that you have chosen and stand on your toes. Keep the toes on that edge and allow the heel to drop lower than the toes. plantar fasciitis relief
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